Context: Government to set up Neutrino Observatory in the country India based Neutrino observatory (INO) will observe neutrinos produced in the atmosphere of the Earth.
- This observation will tell us more about the properties of neutrino particles, whose main source is the Sun and the Earth’s atmosphere.
- The neutrino detector will be a magnetized iron calorimeter, which will be the heaviest one made by any country.
- The site identified is in Bodi West Hills, in Theni district, Tamil Nadu.
As per the information provided by the Department of Science and Technology, State-wise number of observatories are as follows:
- Karnataka – Six Astronomical observatories.
- Uttarakhand- Four Observatories for study of Astronomy & Astrophysics and Atmospheric Studies.
- Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) operates strategically located Magnetic Observatories across the country as follows:
- Andhra Pradesh – One
- Tamil Nadu – One
- Assam – One
- Meghalaya – One
- Gujarat – One
- Maharashtra – One
- Rajasthan – One
- Jammu & Kashmir – One
- Uttar Pradesh – One
- Andaman & Nicobar Island (UT) – One
- Puducherry (UT) – One.
WHAT IS A NEUTRINO?
A neutrino is a subatomic particle that is very similar to an electron, but has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero. Neutrinos are one of the most abundant particles in the universe. Because they have very little interaction with matter, however, they are incredibly difficult to detect.