PVTGs are subsection among tribals who are more vulnerable than others. There is a requirement to identify them as a major part of the tribal development funds are taken by more developed and assertive tribal groups.
Criteria for identification
The criteria for identifying Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups are
- Pre-agricultural level of technology
- Low level of literacy
- Economic backwardness
- A declining or stagnant population
Based on recommendation of Dhebar Commission, in 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the PVTGs as a separate category. At present, 75 identified PVTGs in 18 States, and Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Schemes for development of PVTGs
- The mission is part of ‘Reaching The Last Mile’, one of the seven Saptarishi priorities of budget 2023-24.
- Focuses on their socio-economic development while retaining their culture and heritage through habitat level development approach
- It is an umbrella mission focused on development in the sectors of education, housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads, installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, social security or any other innovative activity.
- has been conceptualized with the merger of
- ‘Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP)’ – achieved through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of Value Chain
- ‘Institutional Support for Development and Marketing of Tribal Products’ – provides a safety net for Scheduled Tribe MFP gatherers and promotes their products and produce.
- It is a Central Sector Scheme with TRIFED will be the nodal agency at the central level for implementation.
- Aimed at imparting quality education to ST children in remote areas
- This would in turn facilitate them to avail of opportunities in high and professional educational courses and get employment in various sectors.
- The schools focus not only on academic education but on the all-round development of the students.
- The mission aims to have an EMRS for every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons by 2022.
- EMRS includes Eklavya Model Day Boarding Schools in areas of higher density of ST population and Centre of Excellence for Sports with state-of-the-art infrastructure.
- Aims to transform villages with significant tribal population into model villages (Adarsh gram) with saturated basic services and adequate infrastructure
- It is a Centrally Sponsored scheme implemented by respective state/UT governments
- The village development plan would include
- Skill development plan
- Village development plan with community forest development
- Integration of Van Dhan Programme
- Conservation of perennial river resources and water bodies originating from forests