GLYCOSMIS ALBICARPA

  • A team of scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) has discovered a new gin berry species named Glycosmis albicarpa from the Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu.
  • BSI, established in 1890, is the apex research organisation under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEFCC) for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country.
  • It has the objective to explore plant resources of the country and to identify plant species with economic virtues.

Glycosmis Albicarpa

  • The species is endemic to the southern Western Ghats.
  • The species belongs to the Orange family, Rutaceae.
  • Many of the related plants of these taxonomic groups are being utilised for their medicinal values and food.
  • Most commonly related species of these plants are collected from the wild, mainly for local use as food and medicine.
  • Berries of Glycosmis species have the unique characteristic of ‘gin aroma’ and have gained in popularity as an edible fruit.
  • The species is also a larval host plant for butterflies like other species of Glycosmis.
  • What are the Key Points Related to Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary?
  • Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary is a 402.4 km2 protected area in Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu.
  • The virgin forests of Kanyakumari District were transferred from Kerala to Tamil Nadu on the 1st November 1956 as a result of the state reorganisation.
  • Kanyakumari Forest Division came into existence from 1st April 1977.
  • Kanyakumari Wildlife sanctuary with adjacent areas of Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve and Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala State constitutes the southernmost tip of Western Ghats.
  • It is a tiger habitat. There are seven rivers that originate in this forest.
  • The natural vegetation of this region represents biomes ranging from southern thorn forests, dry deciduous, moist deciduous, semi evergreen forests to ever green hill sholas with grassy downs.
  • The Shola forests of South India derive their name from the Tamil word solai, which means a ‘tropical rainforest’.
  • The Sholas are found in the upper reaches of the Nilgiris, Anamalais, Palni hills, Kalakadu, Mundanthurai and Kanyakumari in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
  • The tract is exceedingly rich in wildlife harbouring a variety of animals such as Indian bison elephants, rock pythons, lion tailed macaques etc. The avifauna, the reptilian and amphibian fauna of this region are also rich and diverse.
  • This tip of the Indian peninsula is a unique geographic point surrounded by all three of the sub-continent’s vast oceans – the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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