- The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for war crimes for Russian President.
- The court says Putin bears individual criminal responsibility for the abduction and deportation of Ukrainian children since Russia’s full-scale invasion began.
- Russia has defended the transfers on humanitarian grounds.
What is the International Criminal Court?
- The International Criminal Court is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal.
- It is the first and only permanent international court with jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.
- The International Criminal Court was created as a standing body to investigate war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity under the Rome Statute of 1998.
- The court has no power to arrest sitting heads of state or bring them to trial, and instead must rely on other leaders and governments to act.
- A suspect who manages to evade capture may never have a hearing to confirm the charges.
Headquarters: The Hague, Netherlands.
The ICC is governed by the Assembly of States Parties, which is made up of the states that are party to the Rome Statute.
The Court is composed of four organs:
- the Presidency,
- the Judicial Divisions,
- the Office of the Prosecutor,
- the Registry.
- The ICC is financed by contributions from the states parties.
- Each state’s contribution is based on the country’s capacity to pay.
- Comparison with International Court of Justice:
- Unlike the International Court of Justice, the ICC is legally independent from the United Nations.
- However, the Rome Statute grants certain powers to the United Nations Security Council, which limits its functional independence.
ICC and India:
India and China neither signed nor acceded to the Rome Statute
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB