National Agroforestry Policy 2014

national agroforestry policy
national agroforestry policy


The National Agroforestry Policy 2014 was introduced by the Government of India to promote sustainable agroforestry practices across the country.

Key Objectives:

  1. Encourage widespread adoption of agroforestry to enhance income generation and livelihood security for farmers.
  2. Facilitate ecological sustainability by promoting the integration of trees with agriculture.
  3. Strengthen the resilience of farming systems to climate change and variability.
  4. Promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Main Features:

  1. Recognition of Agroforestry: Acknowledges agroforestry as a legitimate land use system with economic, social, and environmental benefits.
  2. Policy Support: Provides institutional support, financial incentives, and technical assistance to promote agroforestry adoption.
  3. Capacity Building: Focuses on enhancing the capacity of farmers, extension workers, and other stakeholders through training and skill development programs.
  4. Research and Development: Promotes research and innovation in agroforestry practices, technologies, and value chains.


  1. Land Tenure Issues: Unclear land tenure and property rights hinder the adoption of agroforestry practices.
  2. Lack of Awareness: Limited awareness among farmers and policymakers about the benefits of agroforestry and best practices.
  3. Access to Resources: Insufficient access to quality seeds, technical knowledge, and financial resources for implementing agroforestry systems.
  4. Market Access: Limited market infrastructure and market linkages for agroforestry products hamper farmers’ ability to derive full economic benefits.


  1. Climate Resilience: Agroforestry can enhance the resilience of farming systems to climate change impacts such as droughts, floods, and temperature extremes.
  2. Income Diversification: Agroforestry offers opportunities for farmers to diversify their income sources through the cultivation of multiple crops and tree products.
  3. Environmental Benefits: Agroforestry contributes to soil conservation, water management, biodiversity conservation, and carbon sequestration.
  4. Rural Development: Agroforestry can contribute to rural development by creating employment opportunities, improving livelihoods, and reducing migration.


  1. Policy Reforms: Streamline land tenure policies and provide legal recognition and support for agroforestry practices.
  2. Awareness Campaigns: Conduct extensive awareness campaigns targeting farmers, policymakers, and the general public to promote the benefits of agroforestry.
  3. Capacity Building: Strengthen extension services and provide training and technical assistance to farmers on agroforestry techniques and management practices.
  4. Financial Support: Provide financial incentives, subsidies, and credit facilities to encourage farmers to adopt agroforestry and invest in sustainable practices.


The National Agroforestry Policy 2014 lays the foundation for promoting sustainable agroforestry practices in India. Addressing challenges and seizing opportunities can maximize the socio-economic and environmental benefits of agroforestry for farmers and society as a whole.


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