Syllabus: Social Justice
Why in NEWS
The Supreme Court on Friday refused to stay the uploading of data collected in the recently concluded Bihar caste-based survey while debunking claims that the present government has violated the fundamental right to privacy by compelling people to reveal their caste.
The fundamental right to privacy is the right of individuals to control their personal information and to be free from unwarranted intrusions into their private lives. It is a right that is essential for a free and democratic society, as it allows people to make their own choices and to live their lives without fear of interference.
The fundamental right to privacy
- It is not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution of India. However, it has been interpreted by the Supreme Court of India to be a part of the right to life and personal liberty guaranteed by Article 21 of the Constitution.
- In the landmark case of Justice S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) & Anr. vs. Union of India & Ors. (2017), the Supreme Court held that the right to privacy is a fundamental right that is protected under Article 21 and Part III of the Constitution.
The right to privacy includes a number of different aspects, such as the right to:
- Be free from unreasonable searches and seizures
- Control one’s personal information
- Have a reasonable expectation of privacy in one’s home and personal belongings
- Make decisions about one’s own body
- Express oneself freely without fear of surveillance or censorship
The right to privacy is not absolute. It can be restricted in certain cases, such as when the government needs to collect personal information in order to protect national security or public safety. However, any restrictions on the right to privacy must be justified by a legitimate government interest and must be proportionate to the threat that the government is trying to address.
The fundamental right to privacy is an important right that protects individuals from unwarranted intrusions into their private lives. It is a right that is essential for a free and democratic society.
Here are some examples of how the fundamental right to privacy can be violated:
- The government collecting personal information without a warrant
- A company tracking your online activity without your consent
- A person taking pictures of you without your permission
- A government agency monitoring your phone calls or emails
These are just a few examples of how the right to privacy can be violated. It is important to be aware of your rights and to take steps to protect your privacy.
You can protect your privacy by:
- Being careful about what personal information you share online
- Using strong passwords and security measures on your devices
- Being aware of the privacy policies of the companies you do business with
- Speaking out against violations of privacy
The fundamental right to privacy is an important right that we should all fight to protect.