Tech diplomacy

Syllabus: advancement in technology

India and Japan,

In July 2023, agreed to collaborate on semiconductors to create a more resilient supply chain for this critical technology and work together for the joint development of the semiconductor ecosystem.

Need for this collaboration

Rapid expansion in the semiconductor industry – importance of specialized chips

Need for talent availability and increasing the number of semiconductor fabrication plants (fabs).

Address new dynamic challenges such as semiconductor miniaturisation, AI integration, and quantum computing.

What it addresses

Five focus areas: semiconductor design, manufacturing, equipment research, establishing resilience in the semiconductor supply chain, and talent development

fosters the exchange of technical knowledge, research, and innovation between the Indian and Japanese semiconductor industries

facilitates technology transfer enables Tokyo and New Delhi to stay at the forefront of semiconductor advancements.

India – US partnership

set to sign an agreement with Georgia Tech University.

follows from investments by Micron Technology and Applied Materials to set up a semiconductor unit and a research and development center.

Geopolitical significance


Japan has long been a global leader in chip manufacturing and research – India has a growing information technology sector and a burgeoning demand for semiconductor products – India’s “Make in India” initiative and Japan’s “Society 5.0” vision share the goal of technological self-reliance and innovation-driven growth – Testament to the power of strategic alliances and technological synergy.


The bilateral agreements of both Washington and Tokyo with New Delhi demonstrate the consolidation among like-minded partners in the Indo-Pacific towards critical technologies and the acknowledgment of the same vis-à-vis geostrategic and national security concerns. In January 2023, Japan and the Netherlands joined the U.S. in restricting exports of semiconductor manufacturing materials to China. Although the move is expected to affect the sales of Japanese chip companies which rely on sales to China, Tokyo is on board because of the geopolitical concerns over China’s expanding chip-making capabilities.


Both agreements indicate the confidence placed in India by the two Quad countries. Signals the coming of age of India’s own capabilities in the development of semiconductors and related technologies.

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