Plastic Treaty

Concept :

  • Plastic pollution is a major environmental threat, harming ecosystems, wildlife, and human health.
  • The global plastic waste problem is projected to worsen significantly without robust intervention.
  • In recognition of this urgency, the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) passed a resolution in 2022 to develop a new global treaty on plastic pollution.

Key Points of the Plastic Treaty (Under Negotiation):

  • Objective: To significantly reduce plastic pollution throughout its lifecycle, from production to disposal.
  • Scope: Expected to address the entire plastic value chain, including:
  • Plastic production and design: Measures to promote sustainable production, recycled content mandates, and restrictions on single-use plastics.
  • Waste management: Improving waste collection, sorting, and recycling infrastructure globally.
  • Financial mechanisms: Establishment of funds to support developing countries in implementing the treaty’s provisions.
  • Challenges: Negotiations involve complex issues like:
  • Differing national interests: Developed and developing countries have varying capacities and priorities regarding plastic production and waste management.
  • Industry concerns: Balancing environmental protection with economic considerations of the plastics industry.
  • Effectiveness of measures: Designing enforceable regulations and ensuring all countries can effectively implement them.

India’s Role and Initiatives:

  • India is actively participating in the treaty negotiations.
  • The country has its own initiatives to tackle plastic pollution, including:
  • The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016: Regulating plastic use, manufacturing, and waste management.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission: Promoting cleanliness and waste management at the grassroots level.
  • Amendments to the Environment Protection Act, 1986: Granting power to regulate plastic pollution more effectively.

About sree nivas

Check Also

50 years of Pokhran-I: Why India conducted its first nuclear tests

GS Paper II (Governance, Constitution, Social Justice and International Relations): Security issues and challenges: India’s …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free Updates to Crack the Exam!
Subscribe to our Newsletter for free daily updates