Imposition of President’s Rule in Manipur and creation of a separate administration for tribals were among the key demands from tribal leaders who met Union Home Minister recently.
What is President’s Rule?
- President’s Rule refers to the suspension of a state government and the imposition of direct rule of the Centre.
- The central government takes direct control of the state in question and the Governor becomes its constitutional head.
- The Vidhan Sabha is either dissolved or prorogued.
- Such a situation forces the Election Commission to conduct a re-election within six months.
How is President’s rule imposed in a state?
- Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.
- There are some conditions that the President has to consider before imposing the rule:
- If the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
- The state government is unable to elect a leader as chief minister within a time prescribed by the Governor of that state.
- There’s a breakdown of a coalition leading to the chief minister having a minority support in the House, and the CM fails to prove majority in the given period of time.
- Loss of majority in the Assembly due to a vote of no-confidence in the House.
- Elections postponed on account of situations like natural disasters, war or epidemic.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB