Imposition of President’s Rule in Manipur and creation of a separate administration for tribals were among the key demands from tribal leaders who met Union Home Minister recently.

What is President’s Rule?

  • President’s Rule refers to the suspension of a state government and the imposition of direct rule of the Centre.
  • The central government takes direct control of the state in question and the Governor becomes its constitutional head.
  • The Vidhan Sabha is either dissolved or prorogued.
  • Such a situation forces the Election Commission to conduct a re-election within six months.

How is President’s rule imposed in a state?

  • Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.
  • There are some conditions that the President has to consider before imposing the rule:
  • If the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
  • The state government is unable to elect a leader as chief minister within a time prescribed by the Governor of that state.
  • There’s a breakdown of a coalition leading to the chief minister having a minority support in the House, and the CM fails to prove majority in the given period of time.
  • Loss of majority in the Assembly due to a vote of no-confidence in the House.
  • Elections postponed on account of situations like natural disasters, war or epidemic.


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