• Recently, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) achieved the feat of successfully launching the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module or ‘POEM’.
  • Besides this achievement, ISRO also launched three satellites from Singapore on the PSLV-C53.
  • This was the second Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV)  mission of the year. In February 2022, ISRO launched PSLV-C52 with the Earth observation satellite EOS-04 and two smaller satellites.
  • This was the second dedicated commercial mission of NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), the commercial arm of ISRO.

Singaporean Satellites

  1. DS-EO: It carries an electro-optic, multispectral payload to provide full-color images for land classification and serve humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief needs.
  2. NeuSAR – It is Singapore’s first small commercial satellite carrying a SAR (synthetic aperture radar) payload, which is capable of providing images day and night and under all weather conditions.
  3. SCOOB-I satellites – It is the first in the Student Satellite Series (S3-I), a hands-on student training program from the Satellite Research Centre (SaRC) at Singapore’s NTU School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.

Highlights of POEM

  • POEM (PSLV Orbital Experimental Module) is an experimental mission by ISRO which performs in-orbit scientific experiments during the fourth stage of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launch vehicle as an orbital platform.
  • The PSLV is a four-stage rocket where the first three spent stages fall back into the ocean, and the final stage (PS4) — after launching the satellite into orbit — ends up as space junk.
  • However, in PSLV-C53 mission, the spent final stage will be utilised as a “stabilised platform” to perform experiments.
  • It is the first time that the (fourth stage) PS4 stage would orbit the earth as a stabilized platform.
  • POEM has a dedicated Navigation Guidance and Control (NGC) system for attitude stabilization, which stands for controlling the orientation of any aerospace vehicle within permitted limits. The NGC will act as the platform’s brain to stabilize it with specified accuracy.
  • POEM carries six payloads including two from Indian Space Start-ups, Digantara, and Dhruva Space enabled through IN-SPACe and NSIL.
  • POEM will derive its power from solar panels mounted around the PS4 tank, and a Li-Ion battery. It will navigate using Four Sun Sensors, a Magnetometer, Gyros & NavIC
  • It also carries dedicated control thrusters using Helium gas storage. It is enabled with a telecommand feature.




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