- The Indian council for Medical Research (ICMR) highlighted the need to reduce the Salt intake.
- A healthy, active adult need between 200 and 500 mg of sodium per day.
- According to WHO, the world is off track to achieve its global target of reducing salt intake by 30% by 2025.
- Only 5% of the WHO member states have mandatory and comprehensive sodium-reducing policies.
- Excess sodium is the leading cause of non-communicable disease.
- India does not have a national policy but it does have voluntary measures to reduce sodium.
- Sodium labelling is not mandatory in India so far.
- The U.K. has been the leading country in the world to have reduced salt consumption in the population.
Harmful effects of Salt on health?
- Sodium attracts water and a high sodium diet draws water into the bloodstream, which can increase the volume of blood and subsequently blood pressure.
- Some common food additives like monosodium glutamate (MSG), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), sodium nitrite, and sodium benzoate also contain sodium.
- Consuming high levels of sodium increase your risk for osteoporosis by leaching calcium from your bones.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB