SAANSAD ADARSH GRAM YOJANA

  • The Members of Parliament (MPs) have adopted 3154 Gram Panchayats under the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) from 2014-15 to 2022-23.
  • Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) was launched in 2014.
  • To translate the comprehensive vision of Mahatma Gandhi about an ideal Indian village into reality.
  • To trigger processes which lead to a holistic development of the identified Gram Panchayats

To substantially improve the standard of living and quality of life of all section of the population through –

  • Improved basic amenities
  • Higher productivity
  • Enhanced human development
  • Better livelihood opportunity
  • Reduced disparities
  • Access to right and entitlements
  • Wider social mobilization
  • Enriched social capital

To generate models of local level development and effective local government which can motivate and inspire neighboring Gram Panchayats to learn and adapt

Working of the scheme:

  • Under SAGY, each Member of Parliament adopts a Gram Panchayat and guides its holistic progress giving importance for social development at par with infrastructure.
  • However, they cannot choose their own village.
  • The ‘Adarsh Grams’ are to become schools of local development and governance, inspiring other Gram Panchayats.
  • By involving villagers and leveraging scientific tools, a village development plan is prepared under the leadership of Member of Parliament.
  • They will develop activities considering the resources and requirements of that village.

Benefits:

  • An increase in employment opportunities.
  • A depletion in migration due to extreme distress.
  • 100% documentation of birth and deaths with proper registration.
  • An evolved alternative dispute resolution system granted by the communities.
  • Social liberty from slavery, bonded labour, manual scavenging and child labour.
  • Established social justice, harmony and peace among the communities.

Funding:

The functioning bodies can draw resources for this scheme from-

Existing schemes, such as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Indira Awas Yojana, Backward Regions Grant Fund, etc.

  1. Gram panchayat’s revenue
  2. Central and State Finance Commission Grants
  3. The Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme
  4. Corporate Social Responsibility funds

SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB

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