Toxic glitter

Cadmium review:Jewellery with the toxic metal cadmium is showing up on the shelves of national retailers in the U.S. , according to newly released test results. Analysis done for the non-profit Center for Environmental Health showed that some jewellery sold with women’s dresses and shirts was nearly pure cadmium, which can cause cancer and reproductive harm after prolonged exposure. Consumer advocates were hopeful cadmium had disappeared from the U.S. jewellery market following changes prompted by an investigation by the Associated Press, in 2010, that found Chinese manufacturers were using the metal to make kids’ jewellery. States including California then outlawed cadmium in children’s jewellery, and testing by the Center found the chemical had virtually disappeared from jewellery by 2012. No laws address cadmium in adult jewellery, however, and last year the Center decided to check those products. Lab testing found 31 adult jewellery items purchased from retail stores were at least 40% cadmium, and most were more than 90%, according to results shared exclusively with the AP. Over time, cadmium accumulates in the body and can damage the kidneys and bones. Most exposure happens by ingesting small amounts or by breathing it, most commonly through tobacco, which can contain cadmium. Researchers also have documented some absorption through skin contact, though the phenomenon is not well-studied. Picture shows some of the items that were tested at the Center, in Oakland, U.S. — AP/Justin PritchardCenter for Environmental Health via AP
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