- Bhagat Singh, (born September 27, 1907, Lyallpur, western Punjab, India[now in Pakistan]—died March 23, 1931, Lahore [now in Pakistan]), revolutionary hero of the Indian independence movement.
- Bhagat Singh attended Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, which was operated by Arya Samaj(a reform sect of modern Hinduism), and then National College, both located in Lahore.
- He began to protest British rule in India while still a youth and soon fought for national independence.
- He also worked as a writer and editor in Amritsar for Punjabi- and Urdu-language newspapers espousing Marxist theories.
- He is credited with popularizing the catchphrase “Inquilabzindabad” (“Long live the revolution”).
- In 1928 Bhagat Singh plotted with others to kill the police chief responsible for the death of Indian writer and politician LalaLajpat Rai, one of the founders of National College, during a silent march opposing the Simon Commission.
- Instead, in a case of mistaken identity, junior officer J.P. Saunders was killed, and Bhagat Singh had to flee Lahore to escape the death penalty.
- In 1929 he and an associate lobbed a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi to protest the implementation of the Defence of India Act and then surrendered.
- He was hanged at the age of 23 for the murder of Saunders
SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT