BHALIA WHEAT

Recently, the first shipment of Geographical Indication (GI) certified Bhalia variety of wheat was exported to Kenya and Sri Lanka from Gujarat.

Important points:

  • The Bhalia variety of wheat received GI certification in July, 2011.
  • This Wheat has high protein content and is sweet in taste.
  • This crop is grown mostly across the Bhal region of Gujarat which includes Ahmedabad, Anand, Kheda, Bhavanagar, Surendranagar, Bharuch districts.
  • This variety is grown in the rainfed condition without irrigation.

Geographical Indication Status:

  • GI is an indication used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite geographical territory.
  • It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 seeks to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications relating to goods in India.
  • The Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and TradeMarks- who is the Registrar of Geographical Indications.
  • The Geographical Indications Registry is located at Chennai.
  • The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years. It can be renewed from time to time for a further period of 10 years each.
  • It is also a part of the World Trade Organisation’s Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
  • Recent Examples: Jharkhand’s Sohrai Khovar painting, Telangana’s Telia Rumal, Tirur Vetilla (Kerala), Dindigul Lock and Kandangi Saree (Tamil Nadu), Odisha Rasagola, Shahi Litchi (Bihar), etc.
  • Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA – Ministry of Commerce and Industry) has a focus on promotion of exports of GI products.
  • Recently, a consignment of Dahanu Gholvad sapota was exported from Maharashtra’s Palghar district.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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