Cape of Good Hope

  • Due to the recent blockage of the Suez Canal, the option of re-routing ships via the Cape of Good Hope was explored.
  • The Cape of Good Hope is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula in South Africa.
  • A headland is a narrow piece of land which sticks out from the coast into the sea.
  • The Cape of Good Hope route joins Eastern Asia and Europe to southern parts of Africa.
  • The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 provided a much shorter route from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean, making the long trip around Africa inefficient.
  • The Cape of Good Hope route is 8900 km longer than the Suez canal route and can take additional two weeks.
  • A common misconception is that the Cape of Good Hope is the southern tip of Africa.
  • Contemporary geographic knowledge instead states the southernmost point of Africa is Cape Agulhas about 150 km to the east-southeast.
  • The warm-water Agulhas current (Indian Ocean) meets the cold-water Benguela current (Atlantic ocean) between Cape Agulhas and Cape Point (about 1.2 km east of the Cape of Good Hope).

History:

  • The Cape was originally named the Cape of Storms in 1488 by the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias.
  • It was later renamed to Cape Good Hope to attract more people to the Cape Sea Route that passed the southern coast of Africa.
  • The Cape eventually became a significant port and waypoint for sailors traveling from Europe to Asia.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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