GLOBAL CYBERSECURITY INDEX

  • Recently, India has ranked tenth (10th) in Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) 2020 by ITU (International Telecommunication Union) by moving up 37 places.
  • The affirmation came just ahead of the sixth anniversary of Digital India on 1st July.

Important points:

  • The US topped (1st), followed by the UK (United Kingdom) and Saudi Arabia tied on the second position together.
  • Estonia was ranked third (3rd) in the index.
  • India scored a total of 97.5 points from a possible maximum of 100 points, to make it to the tenth position worldwide in the GCI 2020.
  • India secured the fourth position in the Asia Pacific region.
  • India is emerging as a global IT superpower, asserting its digital sovereignty with firm measures to safeguard data privacy and online rights of citizens.
  • The result shows substantial overall improvement and strengthening under all parameters of the cybersecurity domain.
  • On the basis of performance on five parameters of cybersecurity, which are,
  • Legal measures, technical measures, organisational measures, capacity development, and cooperation.
  • The performance is then aggregated into an overall score.

International Telecommunication Union:

  • It is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs.
  • Founded in 1865 to facilitate international connectivity in communications networks. It is Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • It allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strives to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide.
  • Recently, India got elected as a member of ITU Council for another 4-year term – from 2019 to 2022. India has remained a regular member since 1952.

Challenges:

  • Deploying multiple cybersecurity tools reinforces a fragmented and complex security environment that is prone to risks arising from human error.
  • Cybersecurity challenges companies face as they shift the majority of their employees to a remote working arrangement in a really short period of time.
  • India lacks indigenization in hardware as well as software cybersecurity tools. This makes India’s cyberspace vulnerable to cyberattacks motivated by state and non-state actors.
  • India doesn’t have an ‘active cyber defense’ like the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or the US’ Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data (CLOUD) Act.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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