Global index providers are reviewing some of the stocks’ inclusion in its indices that are replicated by many foreign portfolio managers after the Hindenburg report.
- An index fund is a portfolio of stocks or bonds designed to mimic the composition and performance of a financial market index.
- Index funds have lower expenses and fees than actively managed funds.
- It follows a passive investment strategy.
- It seek to match the risk and return of the market based on the theory that in the long term, the market will outperform any single investment.
Index funds in India
- While index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) have been in India for about two decades, they have seen an exponential growth in assets since 2015.
- About 16% of the roughly ₹41 lakh crore assets managed by India’s mutual funds are parked in index funds and ETFs.
- SEBI has proposed to bring the indices under its regulatory purview.
- The decisions of the index makers not only impact volumes, liquidity and price of such stocks but also impact index funds’ returns to investors.
- SEBI has proposed to introduce an accountability mechanism for them.
- mandating SEBI registration for index providers
- subjecting them to norms pertaining to eligibility criterion, compliance, disclosures and periodic audits
- Penal action is envisaged by SEBI in case of non-compliance and incorrect disclosures.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB