• May Day 2023 marks a hundred years since it was first commemorated in India on May 1, 1923, in the city of Madras.
  • M Singaravelu Chettiar, a nationalist figure, and an early cobmmunist associated with the anti-caste movement introduced May Day in India.
  • By introducing May Day in India, Singaravelu sought to connect the struggles of Indian workers with the global-level resistance of labour against brutal exploitation and dehumanisation.

About International Labour Day:

  • May Day is also known as International Workers’ Day and as Labour Day in different parts of the world.
  • It is an occasion that commemorates the contributions of workers and the historic labour movement.
  • While observed as an ancient northern hemisphere spring festival, May 1 became associated with the labour movement in the late 19th century, after trade unions and socialist groups designated it as a day in support of workers.
  • It was decided to do so in memory of the Haymarket affair of 1886, in Chicago in the United States.
  • The US recognised Labor Day as a federal holiday in 1894, where it continues to be celebrated every year on the first Monday of September.
  • In 1889, The Second International, an organisation created by socialist and labour parties, declared that May 1 would be commemorated as International Workers’ Day from then on.
  • In 1916, the US began to recognise eight-hour work timings after years of protests and uprisings.
  • After the Russian Revolution in 1917, the celebration was embraced by the Soviet Union and the Eastern bloc nations during the Cold War.

May Day in India:

  • In India, May Day was first celebrated on May 1, 1923, after the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan initiated and Comrade Singaravelar (Singaravelu Chettiar) helmed the celebrations.
  • The Comrade passed a resolution stating the government should allow everybody a national holiday on Labour Day.


About sree nivas

Check Also

Indian & Israeli flags

India – Israel Relations (2)

Historical context India recognized Israel in 1950. However full diplomatic relations were established with the …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free Updates to Crack the Exam!
Subscribe to our Newsletter for free daily updates