The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has constituted an eight-member National Task Force (NTF) to combat air pollution and monitor remedial steps to improve air quality.
- Composition: Senior officials from the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Ministries of Housing and Urban Affairs, Petroleum, Transport, Power, Agriculture, Health and the Central Pollution Control Board.
- The NTF may also monitor enforcement of laid down air aquality standards beyond non-attainment cities in other identified air polluted areas where air quality is poor and above.
- The Chief Secretaries of all States and Union Territories may continue to monitor progress in execution of action plans at the State-level with the assistance of monitoring cells in their offices and the Air Quality Monitoring Committee.
The National Green Tribunal (NGT)
- It is a specialized body.
- It was formed under the NGT Act, 2010.
- Effective and expeditious disposal of cases related to the protection and conservation of the environment;
- To give relief and compensations for any damages caused;
- To handle various environmental disputes that involve multi-disciplinary issues.
India is the third country in the world after Australia and New Zealand, for setting up a specialized environmental Tribunal.
- Places of sittings: Bhopal, Pune, New Delhi (Principal place), Kolkata, and Chennai.
- Composition: Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Members.
- There should be a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 20 fulltime Judicial as well as Expert members in the NGT.
- Term: 5 years and are not eligible for reappointment.
- The Chairperson is appointed by the Central Government in accordance with the Chief Justice of India.
- A Selection Committee is formed by the central government of India for the appointment of Judicial Members and Expert Members.
Civil cases are handled under the following seven laws:
- Water Act (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1974
- Water Cess Act (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1977
- Forest Act (Conservation), 1980
- Air Act (Prevention and Control of Polluti
- on), 1981
- Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
- Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
- Biological Diversity Act, 2002
SOURCE:THE HINDU ,THE ECONOMIC TIMES ,MINT