The National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC) is a public sector undertaking under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India. It was established in 1989 with the objective of providing financial assistance, concessional loans, and skill development training to members of Scheduled Castes (SCs) for income-generating activities.

The NSFDC operates through a network of State Channelising Agencies (SCAs) and other channel partners, such as public sector banks, regional rural banks, and microfinance institutions. These partners disburse loans to SC beneficiaries under various schemes of the NSFDC.

Why in NEWS

A parliamentary panel criticized the low representation of Scheduled Castes on the NSFDC board, finding only two out of 15 directors belong to the community.

Key features of the NSFDC

Focus on Scheduled Castes:

  • Established specifically to empower SCs through financial assistance and skill development.
  • All schemes and programs cater exclusively to SC beneficiaries.

Financial Assistance:

  • Offers a diverse range of loan schemes for various income-generating activities across sectors like agriculture, small business, and services.
  • Loan amounts vary based on project needs and can be substantial, catering to both smaller and larger ventures.
  • Concessional interest rates make loans more affordable for SC beneficiaries compared to regular commercial loans.

Skill Development:

  • Integrates skill development training along with financial assistance.
  • Collaborates with training partners to offer relevant skill sets based on chosen business avenues.
  • This equips beneficiaries with the necessary skills to successfully manage and run their own businesses.


  • Operates through a network of State Channelising Agencies (SCAs) and other partners reaching across India.
  • Simplifies loan access for beneficiaries by decentralizing operations and establishing local contact points.
  • Provides online resources and application processes for added convenience.

Subsidies and Support:

  • Offers additional subsidies for specific schemes to further reduce financial burden on beneficiaries.
  • Channel partners like SCAs and banks provide technical guidance and support for business development and operations.
  • This comprehensive approach enhances chances of success for SC entrepreneurs.

Focus on Women:

  • Recognizes the importance of economic empowerment for SC women and dedicates specific schemes like Mahila Samriddhi Yojana.
  • This increases access to resources and opportunities for women entrepreneurs belonging to the SC community.

Impact and Sustainability:

  • Has played a significant role in improving the socioeconomic conditions of SCs over the years.
  • Helped numerous SC individuals establish and run successful businesses, leading to enhanced incomes and better livelihoods.
  • Focuses on sustainable development by promoting skill development and self-employment.

The NSFDC has played a significant role in improving the socioeconomic conditions of SCs in India. Over the years, it has disbursed loans to millions of SC beneficiaries, enabling them to start their own businesses and become self-employed.

The National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC) offers a variety of schemes to provide financial assistance and skill development training to members of Scheduled Castes (SCs) for income-generating activities. Here’s a breakdown of some key schemes:

Loan Schemes:

  • Term Loan (TL):Supports setting up or expanding income-generating activities. Loan amount varies based on project cost and can go up to 95% of the cost, subject to certain conditions.
  • Micro Credit Finance (MCF):Offers small loans (up to Rs. 1.40 lakh) for micro-enterprises.
  • Mahila Samriddhi Yojana (MSY):Dedicated to SC women entrepreneurs, providing loans up to Rs. 1.40 lakh.
  • Suvidha Loan: Caters to larger projects with loans ranging from Rs. 10 lakhs to Rs. 50 lakhs, with longer repayment periods.
  • Utkarsh Loan: Supports expansion of established businesses, offering loans exceeding Rs. 10 lakh and up to Rs. 50 lakhs.
  • Other Schemes:Additional schemes cater to specific areas like education, skill development, green businesses, and sanitation entrepreneurs.

Additional Support:

  • Skill Development Training: NSFDC collaborates with training partners to provide skill development programs relevant to chosen income-generating activities.
  • Subsidies: Some schemes provide additional subsidies to make loan repayments easier for beneficiaries.
  • Technical Assistance: Channel partners like SCAs and banks offer technical guidance and support to help beneficiaries with business ideas and operations.


  • Loan schemes are generally open to individuals belonging to Scheduled Castes who are above 18 years of age.
  • Specific eligibility criteria may vary depending on the chosen scheme and project type

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