SWACHH BHARAT MISSION-URBAN 2.0.

  • Recently, the President awarded the respective cities in the 6th Edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS) 2021 for their performance in maintaining cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation.
  • The ceremony was held at the ‘Swachh Amrit Mahotsav’, which is a celebration of the achievements of cities in the past seven years of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and a commitment from cities and citizens to move forward with renewed vigour in the next phase of Swachhata through Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0.
  • Earlier, the Jal Shakti Ministry launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 or rural cleanliness survey 2021 under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II.

Important points:

  • It is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in cities and towns across India.
  • It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aimed to make India clean and free of open defecation.
  • The first survey was undertaken in 2016 and covered 73 cities.
  • By 2020 the survey had grown to cover 4242 cities and was said to be the largest cleanliness survey in the world.
  • In 2021 Survekshan, participated by 4,320 cities, also saw an unprecedented number of citizens’ feedback – over 5 crores, compared to 1.87 cores last year.
  • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
  • Less than 1 lakh Population:
  • Vita, Lonavala, and Saswad cities from Maharashtra have ranked first, second, and third Cleanest Cities respectively.
  • For the 5th consecutive year, Indore (Madhya Pradesh) was awarded the title of India’s Cleanest City under Swachh Survekshan, while Surat and Vijayawada bagged the second and third spots respectively.
  • Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover City’ thus securing a place among the top 100 cities at 87th position.

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0

  • SBM-U 2.0, announced in Budget 2021-22, is the continuation of SBM-U first phase.
  • The government is trying to tap safe containment, transportation, disposal of faecal sludge, and septage from toilets. It will be implemented over five years from 2021 to 2026 with an outlay of Rs. 1.41 lakh crore.
  • It focuses on source segregation of garbage, reduction in single-use plastic and air pollution, by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities and bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.
  • Under this mission, all wastewater will be treated properly before it is discharged into water bodies, and the government is trying to make maximum reuse a priority.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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