The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology (CSTT) is working on technical and scientific terminology in 10 Indian languages that are under-represented in the learning landscape.
- The CSTT will bring out what it calls fundamental (basic) dictionaries with 5,000 words per language.
- These will be in digital, searchable format, and free of cost.
Which languages are included?
- Bodo, Santhali, Dogri, Kashmiri, Konkani, Nepali, Manipuri, Sindhi, Maithili and Sanskrit.
- These languages are a part of the list of 22 official languages of India according to the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
- There is a paucity of study material in these languages, primarily because of a lack of words to describe scientific phenomena and technical terms.
- The sparse content available has been confined to the primary-school level that used English words when regional vocabulary was unavailable.
The Scheduled languages under 8th Schedule:
- The language list, when created in 1950, had 14 languages.
- Sindhi was added in 1967;
- Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali in 1992; and
- Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali in 2004.
The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology
Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology was established in 1961 in pursuance of a Presidential Order.
To evolve technical terminology in all Indian Languages.
The Commission was established under clause (4) of Article 344 of the Constitution.
Ministry of Education.
Headquarters: New Delhi.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB