THE COMMISSION FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL TERMINOLOGY

The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology (CSTT) is working on technical and scientific terminology in 10 Indian languages that are under-represented in the learning landscape.

Key details:

  • The CSTT will bring out what it calls fundamental (basic) dictionaries with 5,000 words per language.
  • These will be in digital, searchable format, and free of cost.

Which languages are included?

  • Bodo, Santhali, Dogri, Kashmiri, Konkani, Nepali, Manipuri, Sindhi, Maithili and Sanskrit.
  • These languages are a part of the list of 22 official languages of India according to the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.

Need:

  • There is a paucity of study material in these languages, primarily because of a lack of words to describe scientific phenomena and technical terms.
  • The sparse content available has been confined to the primary-school level that used English words when regional vocabulary was unavailable.

The Scheduled languages under 8th Schedule:

  1. The language list, when created in 1950, had 14 languages.
  2. Sindhi was added in 1967;
  3. Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali in 1992; and
  4. Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali in 2004.

The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology

Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology was established in 1961 in pursuance of a Presidential Order.

Aim:

To evolve technical terminology in all Indian Languages.

The Commission was established under clause (4) of Article 344 of the Constitution.

Nodal ministry:

Ministry of Education.

Headquarters: New Delhi.

SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB

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