• A host of Cadbury chocolates have been recalled in the United Kingdom over fears of potential contamination by Listeria monocytogenes, a bacteria that causes infection with flu-like symptoms.
  • Listeriosis is a serious infection usually caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes.
  • The bacteria exists in the environment.
  • It is found in water, soil and some animals’ intestines.
  • While these are the most common sources of a listeria infection, it has also been known to spread from infected humans and close contact with farm animals.
  • The infection is most likely to sicken pregnant women and their newborns, adults aged 65 or older, and people with weakened immune systems.
  • The World Health Organization characterises it as a serious but preventable and treatable disease.
  • While it is a relatively rare disease with 0.1-10 cases per million people a year.
  • The high rate of death associated with this infection makes it a significant public health concern.


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