• India is considering translocating some tigers to Cambodia.
  • India signed a memorandum of understanding with Cambodia to assist it with all technical details and knowledge regarding the reintroduction of the tiger in the country.

How did tigers go extinct in Cambodia?

  • Due to habitat destruction and poaching.
  • The last tiger spotted on a camera trap in Cambodia was in 2007.
  • In 2016, Cambodia announced that tigers were “functionally extinct”, meaning no breeding populations of the animal were left in the  country.

Tiger population:

  • Thirteen countries make up the tiger range of the world:
  • Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
  • In 2010, these countries had met and adopted a goal to double their tiger population by 2022.
  • India reached the goal before that year.
  • With its current population of about 3,000 tigers, India harbours more than 70% of the global wild tiger population.
  • The animal has gone extinct in Laos and Vietnam.

Tiger species in the world:

  • The Indochinese tiger found in Cambodia is smaller than the Royal Bengal tiger, but they are the same subspecies.
  • Since 2017, IUCN has recognised two tiger subspecies, commonly referred to as the continental tiger and the Sunda island tiger.
  • All remaining island tigers are found only in Sumatra, with tigers in Java and Bali now extinct.
  • These are popularly known as Sumatran tigers.
  • The continental tigers currently include the Bengal, Malayan, Indochinese and Amur (Siberian) tiger populations, while the Caspian tiger is extinct in the wild.
  • The South China tiger is believed to be functionally extinct.


About ChinmayaIAS Academy - Current Affairs

Check Also

Forced labour and modern-day slavery

Portable insurance schemes are important, but they are not enough. Workers also need job creation, …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free Updates to Crack the Exam!
Subscribe to our Newsletter for free daily updates