SILK PRODUCTION IN INDIA

National award winning artisan weaver, B Krishnamoorthy, has created a repository with samples of all the designs, patterns and motifs traditional to Kanjeevaram silk sari weaving, preserving fine pieces for next generation.

Important points:

  • Traditionally, the Kanjeevaram is a sari that is usually handwoven in mulberry silk and has pure gold or silver zari that renders it a festive quality.
  • Handloom silk saree is identified as the most luxurious and classy fabric in Indian traditional clothing.
  • Originating from the village ‘Kanchipuram’ in Tamil Nadu, Kanjeevaram is considered the queen of silk sarees.
  • The temple architecture of south India and especially around Kanchipuram has historically served as a mood board for design inspiration for the traditional Kanjeevaram motifs.
  • One can spot motifs such as the mythical creature called the Yali (an elephant-lion fusion), the Ganda Berunda (a two-headed majestic mythical bird) and the ubiquitous temple border called reku.
  • Tracing its long and rich history from the Chola Dynasty, Kanchipuram sarees today are considered as one of the oldest and rich legacies of the Indian textile industry.
  • Kanchipuram silk has also received Geographical indication (GI Tag) in 2005-06.

Silk Production in India:

  • India is the second largest producer of silk in the world, producing around 18% of the world’s total silk.
  • There are five major types of silk of commercial importance, obtained from different species of silkworms. These are Mulberry, Oak Tasar & Tropical Tasar, Muga and Eri.
  • Except mulberry, other non-mulberry varieties of silks are wild silks, known as vanya silks.
  • India has the unique distinction of producing all these commercial varieties of silk.
  • South India is the leading silk producing area of the country and is also known for its famous silk weaving enclaves like Kancheepuram, Dharmavaram, Arni, etc.
  • The Government of India in 2017 launched a scheme called “Silk Samagra” for the development of sericulture in the country.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

 

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