• The Rajasthan government will develop a tiger corridor connecting the newly proposed ‘Ramgarh Tiger Reserve’, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve and Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve
  • Sariska Tiger Reserve is another Tiger reserve in Rajasthan.

Important points:

  • Wildlife or animal corridors are meant to ensure safe passage for animals between two isolated habitats.
  • In wildlife parlance, corridors are mainly of two types: functional and structural.
  • Functional corridors are defined in terms of functionality from the perspective of the animal (basically areas where there has been recorded movement of wildlife).
  • Structural corridors are contiguous strips of forested areas and structurally connect the otherwise fragmented blocks of the landscape.
  • When structural corridors are affected by human anthropogenic activities, functional corridors automatically widen because of animal use.
  • In 2019, the National Tiger Conservation Authority in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India published a document, mapping out 32 major corridors across the country, management interventions for which are operationalised through a Tiger Conservation Plan.
  • The states are required to submit a Tiger Conservation Plan under section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Protection Status of Tiger:

  1. Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972- Schedule I
  2. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List-Endangered.
  3. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)- Appendix I.


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