Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

GS-3 LEATHERBACK NESTING SITES COULD BE OVERRUN BY ANDAMANS PROJECT Proposed intensive growth in islands contradicts National Marine Turtle Action Plan released by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate ChangeProposals for tourism and port development in the Andaman and Nicobar (A&N) Islands have conservationists worried over the fate of …

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Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

GS-2 NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2020 Important points: Recognising Importance of Formative years: In adopting a 5+3+3+4 model for school education starting at age 3, the policy recognises the primacy of the formative years from ages 3 to 8 in shaping the child’s future. This can lay the foundation for a multi-disciplinary approach …

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Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

GS-1 DICKINSONIA FOSSIL DISCOVERED IN BHIMBETKA Researchers have found the first-ever fossil in India of a Dickinsonia —the Earth’s ‘oldest animal’, dating back 570 million years — on the roof of what’s called the ‘Auditorium Cave’ at Bhimbetka. Dickinsonia Dickinsonia is an extinct genus of basal animal that lived during …

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Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

GS-3 FASTAG The FASTag is a reloadable tag that allows automatic deduction of toll without having to stop for carrying out the cash transaction. The tag uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology and is fixed on the windscreen of the vehicle once active. Important points: Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) is the …

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Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management

GS-3 KARLAPAT WILDLIFE SANCTUARY  Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located in Kalahandi district and a popular tourist attraction of Odisha in India. Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is about 15 km from Bhawanipatna, the district headquarters of Kalahandi district. The sanctuary covers an area of 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi). It lies within the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forestsecoregion. Major …

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Issues relating to poverty and hunger

GS-2 GLOBAL NUTRITION REPORT Important points: Government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition and is committed to improve nutrition outcomes in the country and implements Anganwadi Services, Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana and Scheme for Adolescent Girls under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS) as targeted interventions to …

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Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;

GS-3 SOIL HEALTH CARD SCHEME Important points: The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare introduced the scheme on December 5, 2015. Soil Health Card (SHC) is a printed report which contains nutrient status of soil with respect to 12 nutrients: pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Organic Carbon (OC), Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Sulphur (S), Zinc …

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