Health

National Health Infrastructure: NHCE, DHIS, NHA

Introduction India’s healthcare system faces significant challenges, including fragmented data, inefficient claim processing, and limited access to digital health services. The National Health Authority (NHA) has introduced key initiatives to address these issues, including the National Health Claim Exchange (NHCE) and the Digital Health Incentive Scheme (DHIS). Understanding these programs …

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Healthcare-Associated Infections (HCAIs) in India

Introduction Define Healthcare-Associated Infections (HCAIs): Infections acquired by patients while receiving medical care in a hospital or other healthcare setting. Highlight the global concern: HCAIs pose a significant public health threat worldwide, leading to increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Emphasize the Indian context: The situation in India is particularly …

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Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI)

Introduction: The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1974 marks a significant milestone in global public health. It aimed to ensure universal access to life-saving vaccines for children, initially focusing on six childhood diseases: diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles, and tuberculosis. EPI: A …

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National Mission on Edible Oils-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP)

Introduction The National Mission on Edible Oils-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) is a flagship initiative launched by the Government of India (GoI) in 2021 to address India’s heavy dependence on edible oil imports. This mission aims to significantly increase domestic oil palm production, a key source of edible oil, and reduce import …

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Introduction: Launched in 2014, the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), also known as the Clean India Mission, is a national campaign aimed at eliminating open defecation and improving overall sanitation practices in India. Provisions and Initiatives: The SBM is a two-pronged mission with distinct rural and urban components: Swachh Bharat Mission …

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One Health Approach

Definition and Concept: One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary approach that recognizes the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health. It emphasizes the need for cooperation among various sectors including human health, animal health, agriculture, environment, and others to achieve optimal health outcomes. Significance in India: India faces numerous health …

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Tuberculosis

About: Tuberculosis is a dangerous infectious disease that spreads easily and usually affects the lungs. Cause: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. Transmission: if a person with tuberculosis (TB) of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings, the bacteria can enter the air and spread to other …

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Rapid spread of the JN.1 variant

Understanding COVID Coronaviruses: A large family of viruses that typically cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases like MERS and SARS. SARS-CoV-2: The specific virus responsible for COVID-19. It’s a single-stranded RNA virus with characteristic spike proteins that give it a crown-like appearance under a microscope. Origin and spread …

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