• Recently, the 4th Asia Ministerial Conference on tiger conservation was held.
  • India’s National Tiger Conservation Authority has also decided to introduce guidelines for the reintroduction of tigers that can be used by other Tiger Range Countries.

Important points:

The conference is an important event for reviewing progress towards the Global Tiger Recovery Programme and commitments to tiger conservation.

  • It was organized by Malaysia and Global Tiger Forum (GTF).
  • India will facilitate Tiger Range Countries towards finalisation of New Delhi declaration for the Global Tiger Summit to be held in Russia later this year (2022).
  • A “Pre-Tiger Summit” meeting was held at New Delhi in 2010, wherein the draft declaration on tiger conservation for Global Tiger Summit was finalised.
  • India is one of the Founding members of the intergovernmental platform of Tiger Range Countries – Global Tiger Forum.
  • Over the years, GTF has expanded its programme on multiple thematic areas, while working closely with the Government of India, tiger states in India and tiger range countries.
  • Tiger Range Countries in GTF: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Cambodia, Nepal, Myanmar and Vietnam.

Significance of Tiger Conservation:

  • Tigers, the top predators in the ecosystem, are vital in regulating and perpetuating ecological processes.
  • Forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.

TIger Population in India:

  • India is home to over 70% of the tiger population globally.
  • India is home to 51 tiger reserves spread across 18 states and the last tiger census of 2018 showed a rise in the tiger population.
  • Srivilliputhur Megamalai is the 51st Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu.
  • India has achieved the remarkable feat of doubling the tiger population in 2018 itself, 4 years ahead of the targeted year 2022 of the St. Petersburg Declaration on tiger conservation.
  • Now, the model of success of India’s tiger governance is now being replicated for other wildlife like the Lion, Dolphin, Leopard, Snow Leopard and other small wild cats, while the country is on the threshold of introducing Cheetah in its historical range.


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