ERAVIKULAM NATIONAL PARK

The Eravikulam National Park (ENP) in Kerala has a new attraction — a fernarium set up inside the park. This is the first time such a fern collection is being set up in the hill station.

Key details:

  • That ferns are the ecological indicator of healthy forests.
  • The climatic condition inside the ENP is more suitable for growing ferns.
  • Ferns are part of the Epiphytic family.
  • They grow naturally in a soilless condition.
  • The plants obtain water and nutrients through leaching from trees.

About ENP:

  • Eravikulam National Park is located in the Southern Western Ghats near Idukki, Kerala.
  • The area of the park used to be managed as a Game Preserve till 1978 when the Government of Kerala elevated its status to that of a National Park.
  • The area of the park was home to the now highly endangered Nilgiri Tahr.
  • It was placed under protection in this habitat in 1975.
  • Eravikulam National park is covered with high altitude grasslands.
  • This park is full of undulating terrain and the highest peak in the region is Anamudi at 2695 meters.
  • The three major kinds of vegetation in the area include:

Grasslands:

High plateaus and hills surrounding the park are primarily covered by the grasslands

Shrublands:

shrubland is more visible along the base of the cliffs

Shola forests:

  • Shola forests are located in the valleys between the hills and plateaus.
  • The Turner’s Valley is the deepest valley of this region and it roughly divides the park into two parts.
  • This park is also the famous habitat of Neelakurunji which blooms only once every 12 years.

SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB

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