Has LAC dispute been resolved, asks Cong. on Modi-Xi meeting

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The Opposition asked the Union government whether a consensus has been reached on the border dispute (LAC) between India and China.


The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the de facto border between India and China. It is a notional demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the Sino-Indian border dispute.

The LAC was first proposed by Chinese premier Zhou Enlai in a 1959 letter to Jawaharlal Nehru as the “line up to which each side exercises actual control”, but rejected by Nehru as being incoherent. Subsequently, the term came to refer to the line formed after the 1962 Sino-Indian War.

The LAC is a disputed border, and there is no clear agreement on where it lies. The Indian government believes that the LAC is the McMahon Line, which was agreed upon in 1914 by the British and Chinese governments.

The Chinese government, on the other hand, believes that the LAC is further west than the McMahon Line.

There have been a number of clashes along the LAC in recent years. In 2020, there was a major standoff between Indian and Chinese troops in the Galwan Valley. The standoff lasted for several months, and resulted in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of Chinese soldiers.

The LAC is a sensitive issue in both India and China. The two countries have a long history of conflict, and the border dispute is a major source of tension between them. It is unclear how the LAC will be resolved in the future, but it is likely to remain a source of tension between India and China for many years to come.

Here are some additional facts about the LAC:

  • The LAC is about 3,480 kilometers long.
  • It is the longest active border dispute in the world.
  • The LAC is not clearly demarcated on the ground, which makes it difficult to enforce.
  • There have been a number of clashes along the LAC in recent years, resulting in the deaths of both Indian and Chinese soldiers.
  • The LAC is a major source of tension between India and China.

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