• Recently, a tripartite agreement among five insurgent groups of Assam, the Centre and the state government was signed.
  • This agreement is in synergy with the vision of Insurgency free prosperous North East, that envisages all-round development of northeast, peace and prosperity.

Important points:

  • Located in central Assam, Karbi Anglong is the state’s largest district and a melting pot of ethnicities and tribal groups — Karbi, Dimasa, Bodo, Kuki, Hmar, Tiwa, Garo, Man (Tai speakers), Rengma Naga. Its diversity also generated different outfits and fuelled an insurgency that did not allow the region to develop.
  • The Karbis are a major ethnic group of Assam, dotted by several factions and splinters. The history of the Karbi group has been marked by killings, ethnic violence, abductions and taxation since the late 1980s.
  • Insurgent groups of Karbi Anglong district like People’s Democratic Council of Karbi Longri (PDCK), Karbi Longri NC Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF), etc. originated from the core demand of forming a separate state.

Some of the other demands of the militant groups are:

  1. Inclusion of some areas into Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC),
  2. Reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes
  3. More powers to the council,
  4. Inclusion of Karbi language in the Eighth Schedule
  5. Financial package of Rs 1,500 crore.


  • 5 militant organizations (KLNLF, PDCK, UPLA, KPLT and KLF) laid down arms and more than 1000 of their armed cadres have given up violence and joined the mainstream of society.
  • A special development package of Rs. 1000 crore will be allocated over five years by the Central Government and the Assam Government to take up special projects for the development of Karbi areas.
  • This agreement will transfer as much autonomy as possible in exercising their rights to the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council, without affecting the territorial and administrative integrity of Assam.
  • Overall, the present agreement proposes to give more legislative, executive, administrative and financial powers to the KAAC.
  • A provision has been made in this agreement to rehabilitate the cadres of armed groups.


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