Yearly Archives: 2024

50 years of Pokhran-I: Why India conducted its first nuclear tests

GS Paper II (Governance, Constitution, Social Justice and International Relations): Security issues and challenges: India’s nuclear doctrine (No First Use) and its role in strategic stability. India’s relations with its neighbors: Impact of Pokhran tests on India’s relations with Pakistan and other major powers. GS Paper III (Science and Technology): …

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Deregistration of Political Parties in India

Can parties be de-recognised or de-registered? GS Paper -2 Electoral Process: The deregistration of political parties is a mechanism within the electoral system that governs how parties register, function, and potentially lose their official recognition. Understanding this process is crucial for a comprehensive understanding of Indian elections. Role of Election …

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Indian Literary in UNESCO – Treasures in Memory of the World

ramacharitmanas in UNESCO

Introduction Three Indian literary works, Ramcharitmanas, Panchatantra, and Sahdayaloka-Locana, were added to UNESCO’s Memory of the World Asia-Pacific Regional Register during the tenth meeting of the Memory of the World Committee for Asia and the Pacific (MOWCAP), held earlier this week in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.The inclusion of Indian literary in UNESCO …

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FLiRT variant of Covid virus – KP.2

GS Paper III (Science and Technology): Focus on Developments in Biotechnology: FLiRT variant of Covid : Briefly mention the FLiRT variant as an example of a recent mutation in the SARS-CoV-2 virus. You can explain its key characteristics, such as increased transmissibility and immune evasion. GS Paper II (International Relations): …

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Solar Storms: Sun’s Fury Affecting Earth

Solar storms are disturbances on the Sun that can hurl charged particles and intense radiation towards Earth. Types of Solar Storms: Solar Flares: Intense bursts of electromagnetic radiation released from the Sun’s surface. They can disrupt radio communications and power grids. Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs): Massive clouds of charged particles …

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NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar)

Introduction A joint mission between NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) to co-develop and launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar (SAR) on an Earth observation satellite. First radar imaging satellite to use two different radar frequencies (L-band and S-band) to measure changes of our …

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Asymmetric Federalism in India: Balancing Diversity and Unity

Introduction “Asymmetric federalism in India” emphasizes unequal power-sharing arrangements within a federation, has become a prominent topic in Indian politics. Understanding Asymmetric Federalism Definition: Asymmetric federalism describes a federal system where the central government and constituent units (states/UTs) possess unequal powers and relationships across political, administrative, and fiscal domains. Dimensions …

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Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) – A project by Indian Government

Introduction: The Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) is a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model introduced by the Government of India in 2016. It aims to address the funding challenges in infrastructure development, particularly in the road sector. HAM combines elements of two existing models: Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC): Under EPC, the …

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Vibrant Villages Programme

Scheme Overview: Launched: Union Budget 2022-23 (ongoing till 2025-26) Target: Border villages along the northern borders of India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh) Focus: Comprehensive development of these villages to improve living standards and curb outmigration. Funding: Centrally Sponsored Scheme with a budget of ₹4,800 crores. Key Objectives: …

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PMAY: Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana for Affordable Housing.


Introduction: The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), also known as “Housing for All” mission, is a flagship initiative launched by the Government of India in 2015. It aims to achieve the ambitious goal of “Housing for All by 2022” by providing affordable housing solutions to all eligible urban and rural …

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