Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment



Environment Minister releases Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of 146 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries (2018 – 19).


  • MEE is the assessment of how well protected areas such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, conservation reserves, community reserves and tiger reserves are being managed and their effectiveness in conserving target flora and fauna.
  • MEE is a global framework to evaluate the performance of protected areas.
  • Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of Protected Areas (PAs) has emerged as a key tool for PA managers and is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems.


  • India is among the select countries in the world that has institutionalized the MEE process for its network of protected areas.
  • A new framework for MEE of Marine Protected Areas has been also jointly prepared by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the Environment Ministry and it will be a very useful document to implement.
  • The Ministry has also launched the Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Indian Zoos (MEE-ZOO) framework which proposes guidelines, criteria and indicators for evaluation of zoos of the country through Management Effectiveness Evaluation Process (MEE-ZOO) in a manner which is discrete, holistic and independent.
  • The first MEE in India was done in 2006 when the management effectiveness assessment of 28 tiger reserves was carried out.


  • As per the report, West Bengal’s Jaldapara National Park and Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh’s Sainj and Tirthan wildlife sanctuaries as well as the Great Himalayan National Park have been declared as top-five national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India.
  • Two wildlife sanctuaries in UP – Turtle WLS and Jai Prakash Narayan Bird Sanctuary — and one each in Haryana, Assam and Rajasthan have been listed among the bottom five.


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