• Recently, the Delhi Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan was held. The meeting was composed of National Security Advisors’ (NSA) of regional countries and chaired by the Indian NSA.
  • The meeting called for “urgent humanitarian assistance” to the Afghan people and urged close cooperation and consultation among the regional countries over the Afghan scenario.
  • This is the third meeting of the Regional Security Dialogue (the earlier two meetings were held in in Iran, in 2018 and 2019).

Important points:

  • Invited Participants: Afghanistan’s neighbours such as Pakistan, Iran, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and other key players including Russia, and China.
  • Need: After the withdrawal of US forces and the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan India is concerned about security in the region.
  • There is a possibility of terrorism spreading from the territory of Afghanistan.


  • Reiterated strong support for a peaceful, secure and stable Afghanistan while emphasising the respect for sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity and non-interference in its internal affairs.
  • Committed to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
  • Urged the regional members to ensure that Afghanistan would never become a safe haven for global terrorism.
  • That is, the fundamental rights of women, children and minority communities are not violated.
  • The assistance should be provided in non-discriminatory manner across all sections of the Afghan society.
  • Called for a collective cooperation against the menace of radicalization, extremism, separatism and drug trafficking in the region.
  • Recalling the relevant UN Resolutions on Afghanistan, they noted that the United Nations’ (UN) continued presence in the country must be preserved.
  • The recent UN Resolution 2593 reiterates the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan, including those individuals and entities designated pursuant to resolution 1267

Way Forward

  • The solution comes only through the formation of an inclusive government with the participation of all ethnic groups.
  • Russia has cultivated links with the Taliban in recent years. India would need Russia’s support in any form of direct engagement with the Taliban.


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