- Recently, Goa and Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu (D&NH and D&D) became the first ‘HarGhar Jal’ certified State and UT in the country respectively.
- The people from all the villages have declared their village as HarGhar Jal through a resolution passed by Gram Sabha, certifying that all households in the villages have access to safe drinking water through taps.
- Village Water and Sanitation Committee (VWSC) or paaniSamiti has been constituted in all the 378 villages of Goa and 96 villages of D&NH and D&D.
- It is responsible for the operation, maintenance, and repair of water supply infrastructure developed under ‘HarGhar Jal’ programme.
Jal Jeevan Mission
- Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India.
- Jal Jeevan Mission, is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
- The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting.
- The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water.
- The mission will include information, education, and communication as key components.
- The mission is meant to create a people’s movement for water, making it everyone’s priority.
- Further, the HarGharNal Se Jal programme was announced by Finance Minister in Budget 2019-20.
- It forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission.
- The programme aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting.
States/ UTs in the planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on a long-term basis to every rural household and public institution.
- States/ UTs for creation of water supply infrastructure, so that every rural household has a Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024 and water in adequate quantity of prescribed quality is made available on regular basis.
- Gram Panchayats (GPs)/ rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate, and maintain their own in-village water supply systems.
- States/ UTs to develop robust institutions having a focus on service delivery and financial sustainability of the sector by promoting a utility approach
- Further enhancing capacity building of the stakeholders and creating awareness in the community on the significance of water for improvement in quality of life.
- To provide Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household.
- To prioritize the provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought-prone and desert areas, SansadAdarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
- To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadicentres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres, and community buildings
- To monitor the functionality of tap connections.
- To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among the local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour, and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
- To assist in ensuring the sustainability of the water supply system, i.e., water source, water supply infrastructure.
SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT