• Vice President greets the nation on the eve of Mahavir Jayanti
  • Mahavir Jayanti is an important religious festivals in Jainism.
  • It celebrates the birth of Lord Mahavir, the twenty-fourth and last.

Birth of Lord Mahavira:

  • Mahavir was born in the year 599 BCE in Kundagram (which is today’s Kundalpur in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar).
  • He was born in a democratic kingdom, Vajji into Ikshvaku dynasty as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala.
  • Vaishali was its capital.
  • Mahavir was named ‘Vardhaman’.
  • At the age of 30, Vardhamana left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening, and for the next twelve-and-a-half years, he practiced severe meditation and penance, after which he became omniscient.
  • After achieving Kevala Jnana, he travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent to teach Jain philosophy for the next 30 years.
  • His final discourse was at Pavapuri and he attained moksha shortly after his final discourse in 527 B.C. at the age of 72.

5 basic vows of Jainism: 

  1. Nonviolence (Ahimsa) – not to cause harm to any living beings
  2. Truthfulness (Satya) – to speak the harmless truth only
  3. Non-stealing (Asteya) – not to take anything not properly given
  4. Chastity (Brahmacharya) – not to indulge in sensual pleasure
  5. Non-possession/Non-attachment (Aparigraha) – complete detachment from people, places, and material things.


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