Syllabus: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
Why in NEWS
With LoP reinstatement coming a day before the Lok Sabha takes up the no-confidence motion against the present government on Tuesday, he could be initiating the debate.
- It is a statement or vote about whether a person in a position of responsibility, like in government or management, is still deemed fit to hold that position.
- In India, a no-confidence motion can only be moved in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament.
- To introduce a no-confidence motion in India, a Lok Sabha MP must have the support of at least 50 other MPs.
- Once the motion is introduced, it is debated in the Lok Sabha and then a vote is taken. If the motion passes, the government is defeated and must resign.
The last time a no-confidence motion was moved in India was in 2018, when the Congress-led opposition moved a motion against the Narendra Modi government. The motion was defeated by a vote of 325-126.
The current government, led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), is unlikely to face a no-confidence motion in the near future. The BJP has a comfortable majority in the Lok Sabha, and the opposition parties are divided. However, it is possible that a no-confidence motion could be moved if the government faces a major crisis or scandal.
Here are some of the key provisions of the Indian Constitution related to no-confidence motions:
Article 75: The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.
Article 121: A no-confidence motion can only be moved in the Lok Sabha.
Article 151: A no-confidence motion must be supported by at least 50 MPs.
Article 152: After a no-confidence motion is introduced, it is debated in the Lok Sabha and then a vote is taken.
Article 153: If the no-confidence motion passes, the government is defeated and must resign.