Overhaul British-era criminal laws

Syllabus: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.


Union Home Minister introduced three Bills in the Lok Sabha to repeal the British-era Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Indian Evidence Act (IEA) and the Code of Criminal Procedure (Cr.PC).

New Bills

  • The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) Bill, 2023;
  • Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS) Bill, 2023;
  • Bharatiya Sakshya (BS) Bill, 2023,

That will replace the IPC, 1860; Criminal Procedure Act, 1898; and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872

The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill, 2023

  • Which replaces the IPC, prescribes capital punishment as the maximum sentence for mob lynching and suggests 10-year imprisonment for sexual intercourse with women on the false promise of marriage.
  • The Bill, however, states that “sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under 18 years of age, is not rape”.

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